Webb of Thoughts

personal blog of kyle webb

Category: coffeetable (page 1 of 2)

Ta-dah! I Made a Table

This post continues my documentation of my EC&I 831 Learning Project, where I am making my own coffee table.

The last step of my coffee table was to put a coat of polyurethane on it. The wood I chose, cedar, is really soft and marks up quite easily – just running a fingernail over it left a mark. The polyurethane coat will protect it from this and add some durability to the surface, which will be used daily one way or another.

I went to Home Depot and got some polyurethane.  I really had no idea what I was doing here, and couldn’t find anyone to help. So, I took a shot in the dark and purchased a can that looked good along with some foam brushes. Before starting to apply it to my table, I headed over to YouTube and found this great, cheesy resource. I was not planning on staining the table, since the natural colour is just great.

So, I read the instructions listed on can and went for it. Here is my progress of applying the protective coating.

Before any poly applied.

Before any poly applied.

Close up of surface before poly.

Close up of surface before poly.

Starting the first coat. The darkness turned out to be more a wetness of the poly than colour changing.

Starting the first coat. The darkness turned out to be more a wetness of the poly than colour changing.

Notice the difference between the poly'd and non-poly'd surface.

Notice the difference between the poly’d and non-poly’d surface.

Adding the poly to the table top.

Adding the poly to the table top.

It was really easy to see exactly what I had already poly'd and what I hadn't, on the first layer at least.

It was really easy to see exactly what I had already poly’d and what I hadn’t, on the first layer at least.

Following the first layer application.

Following the first layer application.

Different angle of after 3rd layer.

Different angle of after 3rd layer.

Another after 3rd layer shot.

Another after 3rd layer shot.

After the 3rd coat, notice the little bit of shine.

After the 3rd coat, notice the little bit of shine.

This process took quite a bit of time. Luckily, the poly I chose had only a 2 hour wait period between coats, others have longer periods. Between each layer, I had to take a fine (220) sand paper and try to even out the previous application of the poly. I was able to complete this over the course of 8 hours.

I let the last coat dry overnight and woke up to a final product that I’m quite proud of.

Close up shot of the polyurethane finish on the table top.

Close up shot of the polyurethane finish on the table top.

Different angle of finished table.

Different angle of finished table.

The final product.

The final product.

A photo of the bottom shelf. Notice it ended up being quite a bit darker - which is why I picked those boards for the bottom.

A photo of the bottom shelf. Notice it ended up being quite a bit darker – which is why I picked those boards for the bottom.

Threw a table runner on it, looks pretty good.

Threw a table runner on it, looks pretty good.

First cup of coffee on the coffee table. The mug does not at all describe my current mood!

First cup of coffee on the coffee table. The mug does not at all describe my current mood!

And that’s it. I made a table.

Applying the polyurethane was pretty straightforward, although it’s difficult to say if I put enough on (4 coats). It is my hope that this table will last quite a long time and I can continue to grow and learn about woodworking and make my own furniture as I want.

I will be posting a reflection on the process of trying to learn how to do this online following this post.

Pocket Holes and Attaching Table Top and Bottom Shelf

This post continues my documentation of my EC&I 831 Learning Project, where I am making my own coffee table.

Now that I had the top part of my frame dowelled together, I needed to be able to put another 2×4 board along the bottom for the bottom shelf to be able to rest on. Since I already put the top part together, using dowelling again wouldn’t be an option since I can’t separate the legs to fit the dowels and the board in.

A lot of coffee table plans that I found early on recommended using pocket holes, sometimes called Kreg holes, to join the entire table together. The following video was a great resource to explain how pocket holes work and how to use the jig. Luckily, I had access to the exact same jig they showed in the video.

It’s important to note that if you ever want to use pocket holes in your woodwork, you must have the right type of screws. After my trouble making the dowel holes perfect, I did a practice run with pocket holes on a spare piece of wood I had laying around.

Practice run with pocket holes on a spare piece of wood.

Practice run with pocket holes on a spare piece of wood.

Once I started the process of creating my pocket holes and joining the wood together, I couldn’t believe how quick and easy it was. Here are some photos documenting this portion of my project.

The Kreg pocket hole jig.

The Kreg pocket hole jig.

 

Everything set up and ready to go in the pocket hole jig.

Everything set up and ready to go in the pocket hole jig.

After using the pocket holes to attach the 2×4 board, I was quickly able to attach the bottom shelf with some other screws and started to see everything come together. Here are the photos and descriptions of me attaching both the bottom shelf and table top to the frame.

Here are the pocket holes completed and the board attached. The other holes you see in the photo are how I attached the bottom shelf to the table.

Here are the pocket holes completed and the board attached. The other holes you see in the photo are how I attached the bottom shelf to the table.

Bottom shelf completely attached.

Bottom shelf completely attached.

The frame with the bottom shelf. All connected, solid.

The frame with the bottom shelf. All connected, solid.

Setting up to attached the table top to the frame. Notice the gap between because of the warped 2x4.

Setting up to attached the table top to the frame. Notice the gap between because of the warped 2×4.

Clamps to the rescue. Pulling it tight before screwing the frame into the top was essential.

Clamps to the rescue. Pulling it tight before screwing the frame into the top was essential.

Another shot the clamps holding things flush.

Another shot the clamps holding things flush.

A pretty close to completed coffee table!

A pretty close to completed coffee table!

After completing the pocket holes, I couldn’t believe I didn’t use this for the previous part of the table as well. They were so simple and quick to complete. I guess hindsight is 20/20.  I was also really impressed with all the resources I could find online for using these. The video above from Steve Ramsey was a great resource. There are even resources on how you can build your own jig. For now, I’ll stick to the jig and save myself time.

Dowels to Join Legs to Rails

This post continues my documentation of my EC&I 831 Learning Project, where I am making my own coffee table.

Now that everything was pretty much cut and prepared for the table, it was time to start putting it together.

I’ve put together a lot of Ikea furniture in the past, and I noticed they used a lot of dowels to stick everything together. I decided to investigate how I could use dowels to hold my table together.

Turns out you can even make your own dowelling, as shown in the video below. I opted for the store bought dowels since combining two power tools together at this point in my woodworking career seemed like a pretty risky move.

My basic idea was to use 4 dowels and dowel holes to connect the top part of the frame together. This video (first 5 minutes or so) gave some good instruction on how to go about this.

Unfortunately, I did not have a dowel jig, so my dowel holes were a little rough – as you’ll see in the pictures below. Here are the pictures I was able to take during this process. I did not do a great job of documenting this.

The leg posts with their dowel holes drilled.

The leg posts with their dowel holes drilled.

Note how "straight" my dowel holes are. Had to make the holes in the connecting pieces just as "straight".

Note how “straight” my dowel holes are. Had to make the holes in the connecting pieces just as “straight”.

Connecting the 2x4s to the legs with the dowels. Took some good hits with the rubber mallet.

Connecting the 2x4s to the legs with the dowels. Took some good hits with the rubber mallet.

Applying glue to the dowels to ensure they won't slip out after assembly.

Applying glue to the dowels to ensure they won’t slip out after assembly.

Here are the second set of dowels added into the 4x4 post, note the markings I made with numbers to keep everything organized.

Here are the second set of dowels added into the 4×4 post, note the markings I made with numbers to keep everything organized.

The dowels all put together with the legs and top part of the frame assembled.

The dowels all put together with the legs and top part of the frame assembled.

In this step, I struggled with not having the proper tools for the job. I think investing in a dowelling jig would have made this go much more smoothly. However, at this point I was getting a little over confident and figured I could just do it. Ultimately it worked out well and the table frame is solid, but I spent way more time doing this than I probably would have otherwise.

Flattening Surfaces with a Hand Plane

This post continues my documentation of my EC&I 831 Learning Project, where I am making my own coffee table.

At this point, I have all my cuts made and have glued together the top panel surface and bottom shelf surface for my table.

Running my hand over the top of these surfaces revels that my gluing skills need some work. There are what I’m calling “steps” along my boards, where you can easily feel the difference between boards from the lip they created.

DSC_0398

This picture shows the need for hand planing. Note the left over glue and roughness between the two boards.

To solve this problem, I turned to a hand planer. Apparently there are a number of hand planes to choose from. I used the one I had access to, which I believe would be considered a bench plane.

This video goes through a number of things about hand planers, but also talks about using the plane to go with the grain of the wood.

Once I started with the planer, it became evident it was going to take quite a while to get the boards right where I wanted them. The entire planing process took me about four hours to complete. At times it was painfully slow, but a great way to use my hands and disconnect mentally from the thousand things running through my mind. Below are some pictures and video clips of the process.

Another shot of the rough edges between the boards, creating the need for the hand planing.

Another shot of the rough edges between the boards, creating the need for the hand planing.

There are the paper thin shavings of wood that the planer cuts off the wood.

There are the paper thin shavings of wood that the planer cuts off the wood.

Notice all the shavings on the floor. There were way more, I just forgot to take a picture before clean up.

Notice all the shavings on the floor. There were way more, I just forgot to take a picture before clean up.

An action shot of me being taught how to use the hand planer - video to follow.

An action shot of me being taught how to use the hand planer – video to follow.

This is quick clip I recorded while I was being shown how to use the hand planer.

This is the final planed surface. Notice how the edge isn't perfectly flat - for the sake of time and my mental health, I decided to leave it like that.

This is the final planed surface. Notice how the edge isn’t perfectly flat – for the sake of time and my mental health, I decided to leave it like that.

This step was certainly not expected in my prior research. I did not anticipate the time and sweat it would take to get the surface flush, flat, and smooth. That being said, using the hand planer could only be described as fun. The paper thin shavings of wood were really neat and I gained a deeper appreciation for flat wood panelled surfaces.

This portion of my project was difficult to find resources online to guide me. For almost every other portion of the project, there was a plethora of videos and guies. This topic had a few, but certainly not the amount. Luckily, once I started the process of planing the panels, it was quick to learn and I was able to give myself my own feedback by running my hand over the board to identify any not flat spots.

Gluing Top and Bottom Shelf

This post continues my documentation of my EC&I 831 Learning Project, where I am making my own coffee table.

Now that I had my boards cut down to the lengths I wanted and the edges squared off, it was time to put the top and bottom shelf surfaces together.
The best way to do this is with wood glue.

To keep things all aligned, I created a triangle with my pencil, like suggested by this video:

If you look close enough, you can see the triangle drawn on here to align the boards.

If you look close enough, you can see the triangle drawn on here to align the boards.

It was also critical to use clamps. The clamps ensure that the boards straighten out and the table top will actually be flat. This video was useful for outlining the need for this and ways to ensure it.

I was surprised to learn that the glue will actually be stronger than the wood. This means that the wood will break before the gluing will separate. He goes into planing which I will be creating an entirely separate post about.Here are some images from my experience gluing both the top of my coffee table and bottom shelf of the table together.

Applying the glue to each side of each board.

Applying the glue to each side of each board.

I used a scrap piece of thin wood to spread the glue out a little, to ensure it would cover the entire edge.

I used a scrap piece of thin wood to spread the glue out a little, to ensure it would cover the entire edge.

All the boards with one side glued.

All the boards with one side glued.

The excess glue squeezing out evenly from the boards.

The excess glue squeezing out evenly from the boards.

All the boards for the table top clamped together.

All the boards for the table top clamped together.

There are a ton of tips and resources online for gluing the wood together. They can get very technical very fast. So, like other aspects of the learning project, I think it’s best to have someone experienced with this nearby (like I did) so they can help you identify any potential trouble spots early on.

Cuts for the Table

This post is part of my EC&I 831 Learning project.

I had my plan. I had my supplies. Now it was the scary step of starting to put things together.

I knew exactly how long I needed all of my pieces need to be after spending the time to create my SketchUp Model.

The first problem I encountered was that I wanted all of my boards to lie flush against each other for the top and bottom surfaces. However, the lumber I bought had rounded edges all the way around. This video got me started on that process, called squaring the lumber.

Basically, I used a table saw to cut off the edges of each piece to get rid of the curved piece. Then, just to make sure things were perfectly squared up, I ran them threw a planer. This might have been overkill, but it turned out great.

Notice the different between the two edges now. Before: right, After: left.

Notice the different between the two edges now. Before: right, After: left.

DSC_0367

How I set up the table saw to square the lumber.

Then, it came time to trim things down. I found a couple tips for measuring from YouTube. There are a ton of videos and resources on this topic.

Here’s a quick clip of me using the miter saw to trim down my wood.

Luckily, I came out with all my fingers. This is type of learning situation where trying to learn this exclusively online might not be the best. Having someone who is experienced guide you through the process would be smart, especially if they know the tools and can keep you from avoiding injury. Once you get the hang of it, using these tools on your own wouldn’t be a huge concern.

Older posts

© 2017 Webb of Thoughts

Theme by Anders NorenUp ↑